ECOSOC Commision for Social Development
Letter of Under Secretary General
Introduction to the United Nations Economic and Social Council
After World War II, countries of the world created the United Nations (UN) in order to create a post-war collective security system for a peaceful world. The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) was established together with the UN in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations. ECOSOC was established for the purpose of being the main platform of UN discussions on economic and social issues. ECOSOC, one of the largest and most complex organs of the UN, aims to advance the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. In order to reach the internationally agreed goals, ECOSOC coordinates the subsidiaries of the UN including specialized agencies, regional economic and social commissions, programs and funds.
ECOSOC Commission for Social Development (CSocD)
Originally established under the name Social Commission, the CSocD was established by ECOSOC under resolution 10 (II) in 1946 with the purpose of advising ECOSOC on social policy concerning matters in the social field, especially if they are not covered by specialized inter-governmental agencies. CSocD, which consists of 46 members and acts as one of the ten functional bodies of the ECOSOC, has been tasked with the realization and implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action signed in 1995 at the World Summit for Social Development.
Agenda Item: Industry 4.0
As we all know, the industrial revolution first occurred between 1733 and 1913. With the discovery of new technologies, the shift to mass production and an economy dominated by industry were the main characteristics of this revolution. Of course, this has had important social implications on people all around the world with the establishment of factories, urbanization, and other events such as the development of workers’ rights. Since then we have had two more industrial revolutions: the second one in the early 20th century with the dawn of electricity and mass production and the third one which marked the transition from mechanical and analogue electronic technology to the digital electronic we use today. One example of the third industrial revolution’s effects on social life can be shown as the Arab Spring, a series of uprisings in the Middle East that started in 2011 in which protesters organized their efforts through social media.
Today, we have a new trend that emerged in the global agenda: the fourth industrial revolution and industry 4.0. This is the first industrial revolution that humankind has known about before its arrival, thus being the first industrial revolution that we can announce and plan. The Fourth Industrial Revolution is known as the Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence and refers to the new society that will emerge with the recent technology of cyber-physical systems, artificial intelligence, and the integration of cloud computing. This industrial revolution has already changed the job market, changing the way we look at customer services and even forced companies to change their organizational structure and culture. It can be expected to increasing wealth and inequality in the future like all the other industrial revolutions.
MUN@MEF'S delegates are to discuss the agenda item, industry 4.0, from a social perspective within the context of ECOSOC, CSocD, and the General Assembly (GA). Multi-national corporations are influential actors in determining the effects of industry 4.0 on society. Thus, they will be present in the Committee. The Study Guide will be available and sent in April. We, as the academic and administrative team of MUN@MEF, wish all delegates the best of luck and look forward to having a productive and efficient MUN.
Taylan Can Tankut
USG of ECOSOC Commision for Social Development